How to Stop Dog Peeing on Balcony (Or Train Them To!)

Is your dog peeing on the balcony and you’re not sure what to do? Don’t worry, we’ve got you covered. In this article, we’re going to explore how to handle this situation, whether you want to stop your dog from doing so, or actually train them to do it.

We’ll explain why dog pees on the balcony and if it’s okay for them to do so. For those living in an apartment, cleaning up after your dog can be a hassle, so we’ve got tips for you too.

If you decide that having your dog use the balcony is actually a good solution for you, we’ll guide you through the process of training them. Alternatively, if you want to keep your dog from using the balcony as a bathroom, we’ll give you scents that deter and more importantly, the steps to stop your dog peeing on your balcony once and for all. Keep reading below!

How to Stop Dog Peeing on Balcony

How to Stop Dog Peeing on Balcony

To stop your dog peeing on the balcony, you should provide regular bathroom breaks, establish a specific area for your dog to do its business, use enzymatic cleaners to remove the smell of previous incidents, and reinforce good behavior with rewards. Let’s explore these methods in detail for a better understanding.

  1. Regular Bathroom Breaks: One of the most effective methods to stop your dog from peeing on the balcony is to provide them with regular bathroom breaks. Dogs are more likely to pee on the balcony if they are not given ample opportunities to relieve themselves elsewhere.
  2. Establish a Specific Area: If your living conditions require your dog to relieve themselves on the balcony, consider designating a specific area for this purpose. This could be a grass pad or a litter box. Train your dog to use this area by guiding them to it during bathroom breaks and rewarding them when they use it correctly.
  3. Use Enzymatic Cleaners: If your dog has peed on your balcony, it’s important to clean the area thoroughly with an enzymatic cleaner. These cleaners break down the smell of urine at a molecular level, which can help to discourage your dog from peeing in the same spot again.
  4. Reinforce Good Behavior: Whenever your dog relieves themselves in the correct area, be it the designated area on your balcony or outside during a walk, make sure to reward them. Treats, praise, or a favorite toy can all serve as effective rewards and positive reinforcement.

These steps will get your dog to stop peeing on the balcony, but it’s important to remember that the underlying behavioral issues (territorial marking, anxiety, etc.) that were causing all of this to begin with will still be present. And until you address those, any positive changes you see are only going to be temporary.

“So, how do I make them last then?”

By getting your dog to truly choose to follow your direction, that’s how. I tried many times to write out how you can do that before deciding it made more sense to just link you to the free video series that explains it better than I’d ever be able to.

The series is by a man named Dan who is one of the world’s leading dog obedience trainers. In it, he teaches you how to put an end to things like when your dog pees on the balcony and all other misbehavior using his fast and easy-to-follow methods.

In the first video, Dan will reveal to you why the two most common methods of dog training only doom you to failure. You can watch the video now by clicking here. Follow the proven system he’ll show you in his series and you’ll never have to spend another second worrying about your dog peeing on the balcony ever again!

Dog Peeing on Balcony: Why Do They Like Going There?

Dog Peeing on Balcony

Your dog may pee on the balcony due to factors such as convenience, marking their territory, prior conditioning, or because it provides a high vantage point. Sometimes, this behavior might even be related to fear or anxiety. Understanding your dog’s motivation behind this behavior can help address any issues and promote healthier habits.

Convenience and Habit

If your dog has access to a balcony, they may choose to pee there out of convenience. It’s an accessible outdoor-like space that they can easily reach. Dogs are creatures of habit and if they’ve urinated on the balcony once, they may continue to do so as it becomes a familiar and established routine. They may associate the balcony with a place where it’s acceptable to relieve themselves.

Marking Territory

Your dog may also be marking their territory. Balconies can offer a high vantage point from which your dog can observe their surroundings. By urinating on the balcony, they’re leaving a scent mark that signifies their claim over this space. It’s a normal canine behavior influenced by their instincts.

Prior Conditioning

Dogs often pee where they have been taught or conditioned to. If your dog was previously trained or allowed to pee on the balcony, perhaps due to living conditions or when they were a puppy, they will likely continue this behavior. Remember, behaviors that are rewarded get repeated, and if your dog hasn’t been discouraged from peeing on the balcony, they may see it as an acceptable behavior.

Fear and Anxiety

Sometimes, fear or anxiety can cause dogs to pee in certain locations like the balcony. If your dog is anxious or afraid to go outside due to loud noises, other dogs, or bad experiences, they might choose to urinate on the balcony where they feel safer and more comfortable.

Vantage Point

Balconies usually provide dogs with a clear view of their surroundings. Dogs may pee there because they like to monitor their environment while performing this necessary task. They can keep an eye out for other animals or watch the world go by from the safety of the balcony.

Addressing the Issue

If you prefer your dog not to pee on the balcony, consider encouraging them to urinate in a more appropriate area. Regularly scheduled walks, crate training, and positive reinforcement when they pee in the right place can be effective. If your dog continues to pee on the balcony despite your efforts, go back to the first section now to learn how to address their problem further.

You want to get a handle on things now, particularly if the issue behind your dog’s problem is anxiety. It won’t be long until they’re also barking on the balcony, peeing on your curtains, lashing out by barking and growling at strangers, or peeing in the same spot in the house over and over again. You don’t want your dog to continue suffering, so you should get started right away.

Can Dogs Pee on Balcony?

Yes, dogs can pee on a balcony, particularly if they are trained to do so and there is a designated area like a grass pad or pet-friendly potty pad. However, it is crucial to manage this practice responsibly for hygiene and neighbor considerations.

  1. Appropriate Setup: If you choose to allow your dog to pee on the balcony, having an appropriate setup is vital. This might involve using a grass pad, potty pad, or a litter box specifically designed for dogs. These tools mimic the grassy surfaces your dog might encounter outdoors and help catch and contain urine, preventing it from leaking onto your balcony floor or over the edge onto neighboring balconies or areas below.
  2. Hygiene and Cleaning: Regular cleaning is essential when your dog is using the balcony for its bathroom needs. This prevents bad odors and maintains a clean living environment. Most pads designed for this purpose are easy to clean, and some are even disposable. Remember, neglecting cleaning can lead to unsanitary conditions and potential health risks for both you and your dog.
  3. Neighbor Considerations: Be mindful of your neighbors when allowing your dog to use the balcony as a bathroom. Noise, smells, or leakage could become a nuisance for others, especially those living nearby or below you. Maintain cleanliness and address any potential issues promptly to avoid disputes.
  4. Training and Supervision: Your dog needs to be properly trained to use the balcony for its bathroom needs. This might require some patience, but with regular guidance and positive reinforcement, many dogs can successfully adapt. Always supervise your dog when it is on the balcony for safety reasons.

In conclusion, dogs can pee on the balcony, but it requires a responsible approach to ensure cleanliness and respect for neighbors. With the right setup and proper training, it can be a viable option for dog owners, especially those living in high-rise buildings without easy access to outdoor areas.

Learn about addressing any underlying issues that may stand in your way by going back to the first section.

Training Dog to Pee on Balcony: How-To Guide

Training a dog to pee on a balcony involves a consistent routine, positive reinforcement, and an appropriate setup like a grass or potty pad. The process typically follows these steps: create a designated area, introduce the dog to this area, keep a consistent schedule, and reward the dog when it uses the area correctly.

  1. Create a Designated Area: Choose a specific corner or spot on the balcony for your dog to use as their bathroom. This could involve setting up a dog-friendly potty pad or grass pad. This area should be easily accessible to your dog and preferably located away from where people congregate or eat. It’s essential that this area mimics the texture and feeling of real grass to encourage your dog to use it.
  2. Introduce Your Dog to the Designated Area: Lead your dog to the designated area and let them sniff and explore it. You might even want to bring a small sample of your dog’s urine (from a previous walk, for example) and place it on the pad to indicate that this is an acceptable spot for them to pee.
  3. Maintain a Consistent Schedule: Consistency is key to successful training. Take your dog to the designated spot on the balcony at regular intervals, such as after meals, first thing in the morning, and last thing at night. Young puppies will need to go more frequently than adult dogs.
  4. Use Positive Reinforcement: When your dog uses the balcony for its needs, praise them enthusiastically and offer a treat. This will encourage the dog to repeat the behavior. Over time, your dog will associate using the pad on the balcony with positive experiences and continue to use it for their bathroom needs.
  5. Be Patient and Consistent: Training a dog to do anything new requires patience and consistency. It’s natural for there to be a few accidents along the way, but don’t get discouraged. Keep reinforcing the desired behavior, and over time, your dog will catch on.

Training your dog to pee on the balcony is an achievable goal with patience, consistency, and a structured approach. Remember to always ensure your balcony is a safe and comfortable environment for your dog to help make this transition smooth and stress-free. Learn how to handle any underlying issues which may cause problems in the first section.

Training Dog to Pee on Balcony: How-To Guide

Training your dog to pee on the balcony is easy to do with a consistent schedule, positive reinforcement, and a suitable setup. The general process includes designating a specific area on the balcony, introducing your dog to this space, maintaining a regular schedule, and rewarding your dog for correct behavior.

  1. Create a Designated Area: First, identify a particular corner or area on the balcony for your dog to use as a bathroom. You might consider using dog-friendly potty pads or grass pads for this purpose. The selected area should be a space that’s readily accessible for your dog and ideally located away from the places where people usually gather or have their meals. Mimicking the texture and sensation of actual grass is a crucial element in motivating your dog to use the designated spot.
  2. Introduce Your Dog to the Designated Area: Once the area is set up, lead your dog to it and let them get acquainted with it. A useful tip is to bring a small sample of your dog’s urine (collected from a previous bathroom break, for instance) and deposit it on the pad. This sends a clear signal to your dog that this place is an appropriate spot for them to relieve themselves.
  3. Establish a Consistent Schedule: To effectively train your dog, a consistent schedule is necessary. Regularly take your dog to the assigned spot on the balcony at intervals that align with their routine, such as after meals, first thing in the morning, and before bedtime. It’s worth noting that puppies typically need to urinate more often than adult dogs.
  4. Apply Positive Reinforcement: Each time your dog successfully uses the balcony as their toilet, respond with enthusiastic praise and give them a treat. This positive reinforcement encourages your dog to repeat the behavior. Gradually, your dog will form a positive association with using the pad on the balcony, which will incentivize them to continue this habit.
  5. Patience and Consistency: Patience and consistency are key when training a dog to learn something new. Accidents might happen, but it’s crucial not to get disheartened. Continue to reinforce the desired behavior, and eventually, your dog will understand what is expected of them.

Training your dog to pee on the balcony involves patience, consistency, and positive reinforcement. The process requires time and dedication, but with the right approach, you can successfully achieve this behavior modification. If you’re having any troubles, there may be an underlying issue that needs to be addressed. We explain how you can do that in the first section.

Dog Pee on Apartment Balcony: How to Clean

Cleaning dog pee from an apartment balcony involves the use of water, enzymatic cleaners, and regular maintenance to remove odors and prevent staining. The process generally consists of initial cleanup, deep cleaning, and deodorizing.

Here’s a step-by-step guide to ensure a clean and odor-free balcony.

  1. Initial Cleanup: As soon as you notice that your dog has urinated on the balcony, you should clean it up immediately to prevent it from seeping into the material and causing stains. Use a paper towel or disposable rags to blot as much of the urine as possible. Make sure not to rub, as this can spread the urine and push it deeper into the surface.
  2. Water Rinse: After blotting up as much urine as possible, rinse the area thoroughly with water. This helps to dilute any remaining urine and wash it away, preventing further absorption into the surface of your balcony. If your balcony has a drain, make sure the water is directed towards it. If not, use a wet vacuum to remove the water.
  3. Enzymatic Cleaner: Once the initial cleanup and rinse are done, apply an enzymatic cleaner to the area. Enzymatic cleaners contain natural enzymes and bacteria that break down the ammonia crystals and organic matter in dog urine to fully eliminate the odor instead of just masking it. Make sure to follow the instructions on the cleaner’s label for the best results.
  4. Scrubbing: Use a stiff bristle brush to scrub the affected area. This will help to work the cleaner into the surface and further break down any remaining urine. Rinse thoroughly with water once again after scrubbing.
  5. Deodorizing: After cleaning, it’s advisable to use a deodorizer to remove any remaining urine smell, which can attract your dog back to the same spot. There are several pet-friendly options available in the market that can be safely used.
  6. Regular Maintenance: Regularly cleaning your balcony helps prevent the buildup of urine odors. A weekly cleaning regimen, for instance, can go a long way in maintaining a clean and fresh-smelling balcony.

In conclusion, to clean dog pee off your apartment balcony, it’s important that you act promptly and follow a comprehensive cleaning process involving an initial cleanup, water rinse, enzymatic cleaning, scrubbing, deodorizing, and regular maintenance. This ensures a clean, hygienic, and odor-free balcony. To learn how to prevent the behavior, go back to the first section.

What Scent Repels Dogs From Peeing on Balcony?

Certain scents, such as citrus, vinegar, chili pepper, and some essential oils like eucalyptus and citronella, can effectively repel dogs from peeing on the balcony. Dogs have a highly sensitive sense of smell, and these scents are typically unpleasant to them. However, it’s crucial to use these deterrents in a safe and humane way that won’t harm your furry friend.

Citrus Scents

Dogs generally find citrus scents, such as orange, lemon, and grapefruit, to be unpleasant. You can scatter citrus peels around your balcony or use a citrus-based spray as a deterrent. It’s a safe, natural solution that won’t harm your dog but will encourage them to pee elsewhere.


The strong smell of vinegar can be a potent deterrent for dogs. Mixing equal parts distilled white vinegar and water to create a solution can deter your dog from peeing on the balcony. Their strong sense of smell will keep them deterred long after you can longer detect it. However, be cautious not to overuse it as vinegar’s acidity could harm your balcony’s surface over time.

Chili Pepper

Powdered chili pepper can also deter dogs from certain areas due to the potent smell and the irritating sensation it can cause. Sprinkle a small amount of chili pepper on the areas of the balcony where your dog tends to pee. Be sure to use this method judiciously, as too much can irritate your dog’s nose and eyes.

Essential Oils

Some essential oils, like eucalyptus and citronella, can serve as dog deterrents. Add a few drops of these oils to water and spray the solution around your balcony. However, always dilute essential oils and consult with a vet before using them, as some can be harmful to dogs if used improperly.

Store-Bought Repellents

There are also store-bought repellents designed to discourage dogs from urinating in certain areas. These products contain smells that dogs find off-putting and can be sprayed on your balcony. Remember to use these products as directed and ensure they are safe for your dog.

Keeping the Balcony Pee-Free

Using scents to deter your dog from peeing on the balcony is one aspect of the solution. Consistent training and creating a designated bathroom spot for your dog are equally important. If you’re struggling to manage your dog’s peeing behavior, go back to the first section now where we’ll explain more on treating both the behavior and also the underlying cause.

I’m sure you’re ready to enjoy your balcony without it reeking of dog urine, so I’ll let you get started on things now. Good luck with everything, and thank you for reading our article “How to Stop Dog Peeing on Balcony (Or Train Them To!)”.

The Author

KB Williams

KB Williams

Hey there! I'm a dog behavior expert and lover of travel. Since 2016, I've been sharing my knowledge of dog training and behavior while exploring the Pacific Northwest with my two rescues.